The 1911 Census of Canada database is an every name index to individuals enumerated in the 1911 Canada Census, the fifth census of Canada since confederation in 1867. In addition, the names of those listed on the population schedule are linked to actual images of the 1911 Census (images are of reels T-20326 to T-20460).
What Areas are Included in the 1911 Census:
The 1911 census includes nine provinces - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan, and two territories - the Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories.
To browse census images, click on a province link below. Subsequent screens will allow you to select a District, and a Sub-District.
Please choose a province:
Why Census Records are Important:
Census records provide many details about individuals and families. They are useful for pinpointing individuals and families in a particular time and place and depict certain aspects of their lives. Because of the amount of information provided in censuses, combined with the fact that individuals are generally shown in "family groups", censuses are often the first sources turned to when beginning family history research.
How the 1911 Census is Organized:
For the 1911 census each province was divided into census districts. These districts were subsequently divided into sub-districts. Districts were roughly equivalent to electoral districts, cities, and counties. Sub-Districts were roughly equivalent to towns, townships, and city wards.
1911 Census Enumerator Instructions:
The 1911 Census was begun on 1 June 1911. Enumerators working in the Yukon Territory and Northwest Territories were allowed to begin before 1 June. Individuals were to be enumerated at their usual place of abode, even if they were not at that residence on the night of enumeration. The head of household was to be enumerated first, followed by other members of the household. The head of household was responsible for providing all of the information about the household to the enumerator. The following questions were asked by enumerators:
Ancestry.com. 1911 Canada Census [database online]. Provo, Utah: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2006. Original data: Library and Archives Canada. Census of Canada, 1911. Images are of microfilm reels T-20326 to T-20460. Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa, Canada.
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